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備孕手冊

芳華不再,高齡備孕需要注意什么?

2018-05-02 20:07:29

女性的年齡分為生理年齡和生育年齡,生理年齡是由出生日期決定的,而生育年齡則是由卵巢儲備功能決定的。在生殖醫學領域,

“芳華正茂”的23~28歲是女性的最佳生育年齡,而30歲則是女性身體的分水嶺,30歲以后,女性身體素質會逐漸走下坡路。35歲

以上就被醫學定義為大齡孕產婦。但對于卵巢早衰的女性來說,高齡就不是35歲了,可能還要提前。


現代社會,由于種種社會原因造成了很多人晚婚晚育,錯過了最佳生育年齡。等到想生育寶寶時卻怎么也懷不上。二胎政策的放開,

更使很多高齡備孕婦女加入了生育大軍,高齡備孕問題也越發地被社會關注。



高齡媽媽在生育上有哪些難題?


  比起低齡媽媽,高齡媽媽在備孕上首先面臨的挑戰就是卵巢儲備功能下降,青春已逝,芳華不再。卵子數量不足、卵子質量下

降,懷孕就比較困難;卵子質量不佳,即使懷孕成功,也容易出現胎兒畸形、流產等問題。高齡備孕需謹慎!


  不僅如此,隨著年齡增長,孕媽媽的身體也越來越容易出現問題。懷孕之后,身體的胰腺、肝腎、子宮、乳房、甲狀腺等器官,

所承受的壓力都是懷孕前的數倍。產后,照顧寶寶也是一份繁瑣的長期體力活。



高齡備孕需要注意什么?


  高齡女性在懷孕前應進行優生咨詢和孕前檢查,懷孕后規范孕期保健,了解需要注意的事項。只要做好預防措施,有針對性地

作好心理準備,大部分高齡孕婦都能安全地懷孕、分娩。


  1,孕前檢查對大齡女性來說非常重要,建議提前3個月做孕前檢查?;加心撤N疾病長期服藥的夫妻,備孕前應去醫院咨詢???/span>

醫生,因為一些藥物不同程度地對生殖細胞有影響?;加懈哐獕?、糖尿病等疾病者,要等病情穩定后再考慮懷孕。


  2,懷孕前3個月要補充葉酸。若不注意孕前與孕期補充葉酸,會影響胎兒大腦和神經管的發育,有可能造成神經管畸形,嚴重

者可致脊柱裂或無腦畸形兒。


  3,未來寶寶的質量不僅取決于卵子,也取決于精子,準爸爸也要做好準備,戒煙戒酒。為了保險起見,準爸爸應該進行相應

的檢查,重點檢查精子質量和生殖系統疾病。


  4,心情愉快,性格開朗。如果備孕女性過于緊張或者勞累,身體很多機能都會受到影響,所以要注意放松身心,不僅可以增

進機體的免疫力,同時還能促進身體骨骼里的骨髓造血功能,使得皮膚紅潤,面有光澤。有了好身體,“孕氣”自然就回來。


  5,經常參加體育鍛煉,每周堅持3 天的有氧運動,每天步行30 分鐘,都是保持良好身體狀態的最佳方法??稍鰪婓w力和造血

功能,如健美操、跑步、散步、打球、游泳、跳舞等。


  6,保證有充足的睡眠。規律作息、娛樂有度、勞逸結合。將生理機能調整到最佳狀態;避免過度勞累、不熬夜、學會科學地生

活,才有充沛的精力和體力。


  7,積極貯備營養,不偏食,盡量不吃零食。為了讓精子和卵子更有活力,從準備懷孕前3個月起,就要開始多吃瘦肉、蛋類、

魚蝦、動物肝臟、海產品、豆類及豆制品、新鮮蔬菜和時令水果,這樣也可彌補早孕反應對身體攝取營養素的影響。

国产乱子伦高清露脸对白
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